Based on our National Endowment for Democracy (NED) research, we have compiled individual country reports on how governments have voted and acted in international forums regarding human rights and democratic norms. The information includes governments’ voting records and activities at the UN Human Rights Council, their participation and votes on the UN NGO Committee, their participation in and contributions to the Inter-American human rights system, their voting records at the Organization of American States (OAS) on matters related to the Inter-American Democratic Charter, their acceptance of credible international election monitoring missions, and their commitments to international treaties and domestic laws to reduce corruption and promote transparency.
Why? Because protecting and defending human rights and democracy doesn’t stop at a country’s borders.
Under the Kirchners a commitment to promoting human rights treaties internationally; domestically, not so much. But a new administration has brought change.
Under PT governments, Brazil was often an “enabler” of human rights violations, abstaining on critical declarations, often in alliance with a curious group of bedfellows. Will it change now?
Internationally, Bolivia’s position has been more oriented toward voting against human rights than defending them. But it has not been consistent.
While leaning more toward the liberal countries in some votes, on internal matters and on raising concerns over human rights in countries associated with its peace process, the Colombian government tended to hold its tongue.
Costa Rica is a liberal country, which upholds human rights in the UNHRC and plays a positive role in the inter-American System.
Pique over regional and international condemnation over the treatment of Dominicans of Haitian descent provoked the Dominican Constitutional Court to deny that the Inter-American Court has any jurisdiction over the country.
Though a member of the Hugo Chavez’s-inspired ALBA bloc, Ecuador has a curious record in its international commitment to democratic norms and human rights
Mexico’s advocacy for human rights in the UN and outside its borders have masked an internal crackdown on human rights groups and independent media.
Across different administrations, Uruguay has been a consistently liberal state in every major multilateral forum