Chile is what we called in our first report a “liberal” country for its support for international norms promoting and defending popular sovereignty and human rights. On the UNHRC Chile has consistently voted against human rights abuses in Syria, North Korea and Ukraine—along with other liberal states of Costa Rica, France, UK, Uruguay, and the United States—and regularly raises concerns over political and civil rights in the UPR process. In the region, Chile has cooperated with the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights and hosted the 157 hearing of the Commission and stepped up to contribute to the Commission in the midst of the body’s financial crisis in 2016. But while Chile voted in favor of the OAS Permanent Council’s hearing of the secretary general’s report on the democratic conditions in Venezuela, Chilean representatives have been relatively silent and inactive in any broader collective action on the deteriorating human right situation in Venezuela.
Below is a breakdown of Chile’s actions and votes at the various venues we are monitoring. For more information click on each title and summary.
|Aggregate Score (100 is perfect freedom and protection of rights)||95|
|Political Rights (scores out of 7, with 1 being the best)||1|
|Civil Liberties (scores out of 7, with 1 being the best)||1|
|Corruption Perception Index (CPI)||66/100|
|Evaluation of OECD Compliance||Progress Report|
|World Justice Project |
|UN Human Development Index|
|Human Development Index||0.832|
|Americas Quarterly |
|Social Inclusion Index||80.95/100|
United Nations System:
United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC or Council)
Chile was part of the Council in 2011 (sessions 16-18) and 2014 (sessions 25-27). Chile has consistently voted to uphold human rights in Syria, Ukraine, and North Korea.
UNHRC’s Universal Periodic Review
As part of its mandate to promote human rights around the globe, the UNHRC has instituted a Universal Periodic Review, where, once every four years, each country’s human rights record is examined. Other countries are invited to review the record and make comments and suggestions for improvement. The country under review then acknowledges each comment by either “accepting” the comment, meaning typically that they agree to focus on improvements, or “noting” it, indicating that they disagree and will not be focusing on improvements in this area.
Recommendations as a recipient
|Freedom of association and peaceful assembly||4||4||–|
|Freedom of opinion and expression||–||–||–|
|Freedom of religion and belief||–||–||–|
|Freedom of press||–||–||–|
|Human rights defenders||–||–||–|
|Human rights violations by state agents||9||9||–|
|Internally displaced persons||–||–||–|
|Sexual orientation and gender identity||4||4||–|
|Torture and CID treatment||10||10||–|
Note: some comments are classified under multiple categories. Only selected topics are listed in the chart.
Recommendations as a commenter
Chile has been very active in the UPR process, with 525 comments made so far in the 2nd cycle (according to the available data).
|Regional Group||Comments by Chile||Distribution|
|Latin American and Caribbean States||100||19%|
|Eastern European Group||48||9%|
|Western European and Other States||74||14%|
Note: This data is for the 2nd cycle of the UPR. However, the final round of countries were reviewed in November/December 2016, and that data is not yet available to include in our analysis here.
UN NGO Committee
Chile participated as a member of the UN NGO Committee from 1993 to 2006.
OAS Permanent Council
Under the new leadership of Secretary General Luis Almagro, the OAS has re-found its focus on defending democracy but is still bound by the wishes and will of its members. But the newfound leader’s commitment—and the challenges—were shown at a meeting in June 2016 where Almagro presented his report on the state of democracy in Venezuela and proposed invoking the Inter-American Democratic Charter.
In June 2016, Chile voted in favor of Secretary General Luis Almagro presenting his report laying out the evidence on how and why it was necessary to invoke the Inter-American Democratic Charter in Venezuela. Despite endless procedural hurdles thrown up by Venezuela and its allies, the Permanent Council eventually got to a vote, albeit on the procedural issue of the agenda and whether Almagro should present his report at all. Chile voted with the majority.
Inter-American Commission for Human Rights (IACHR or Commission)
Chile has been positively engaged with the Commission, even hosting its 157th hearings. It also stepped up its contribution to the body in the midst of its financial crisis last year.
Hearings:  Voluntary financial contributions to IACHR:
Hearing Issue Score 156th Violence against Indigenous Children and Impunity 2/3 Year Contributions by Chile Percentage of Total
Contributions to IACHR
2011 $15,000 0.3% 2012 $55,000 1.4% 2013 $80,000 1.3% 2014 $85,000 1.7% 2015 $45,000 1.1% 2016 $80,000 2%
Voluntary financial contributions to IACHR:
The OAS has never conducted electoral observation missions in Chile. In fact, Chile only shares this particularity along with Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Canada, Trinidad & Tobago, and Uruguay.
Freedom of Information Laws
Since 2000 the right to information and freedom of information laws have expanded across the region. However, the existence of the laws on the books does not necessarily mean full enforcement.
Signatory/Participant in MESICIC* Yes Constitutional protection* Yes Specific law enacted* Yes- enacted in 2008 Is there a presumption of right* Yes Scope/Exceptions/Overrides* No requesting procedure for legislature/judiciary; law trumped by state secrecy laws; no overrides Received information under FOIA law?** 71% Received information within a week?** 46% Received the appropriate information?** 69%